AJAX is the acronym for Asynchronous Javascript And XML. It is a method of combining client side programming in Javascript with server side processing that can deliver XML fragments back to your web page to allow the page to be updated with new information from the server without having to reload the entire web page.


CSS or Cascading Styles Sheets is a way to style HTML. HTML is the content whereas style sheet is the presentation of that document. CSS has a format of 'property: value' and most properties can be applied to most HTML tags.


A captcha is program used to verify that a human, rather than a computer, is entering data. Captchas are commonly seen at the end of online forms and ask the user to enter text from a distorted image. The text in the image may be wavy, have lines through it, or may be highly irregular, making it nearly impossible for an automated program to recognize it. By requiring a captcha response, webmasters can prevent automated programs, or bots, from filling out forms online. This prevents spam from being sent through website forms.


FTP stands for File Transfer Protocol. A popular protocol used for transferring files across networks. FTP can be used to transfer files from an FTP client (i.e. the software that runs locally on a  computer) and an FTP server. An FTP server accepts connections from FTP clients. FTP servers require clients to authenticate using a simple user name and password. Example FTP clients include FireFTP, Cute FTP, FileZilla.


Google is a web search engine that lets you find other sites on the web based on keyword searches. It also provides specialized searches through blogs, printed materials, catalogs, news items and more. Google is the largest and most popular web search engine in the world. URL is www.google.com

Google Analytics

Google Analytics is a free service offered by Google that generates detailed statistics about the visitors to a website. It also generates the e commerce tracking which include the order-transaction details.


The Apache Web server provides a feature called .htaccess file, which provides commands to control a Web site. This file is simply a text file containing Apache directives. Those directives apply to the documents in the directory where the file is located, and to all subdirectories under it as well. Some functionality of .htaccess file include adding custom error pages, page redirects, enabling SSI etc.


HTTP – Hypertext Transfer Protocol is the underlying protocol used by the World Wide Web.  HTTP defines how messages are formatted and transmitted, and what actions web servers and browsers should take in response to various commands. For example, when you enter a URL  in your browser, this actually sends an HTTP command to the Web server directing it to fetch and transmit the requested web page.


Javascript is a scripting language that was designed to give web pages the ability to interact with the people viewing them. Examples of such interaction include performing actions in response to mouse movement or mouse clicks and validation of what has been entered into forms.


MySQL is an open source relational database management system that runs as a server providing multi-user access to a number of databases.  It is based on the structured query language (SQL), which is used for adding, removing, and modifying information in the database.


Hypertext Preprocessor is a widely used, general-purpose scripting language that was originally designed for web development to produce dynamic web pages. It is often embedded into HTML to add functions HTML alone can't do. PHP allows you to collect, process and utilize data to create a desired output. In short, it let's you interact with your pages.


Robots.txt is a text (not html) file you put on your site to tell search robots which pages you would like them not to visit. Robots.txt is by no means mandatory for search engines but generally search engines obey what they are asked not to do. The file must be in the main directory because otherwise user agents (search engines) will not be able to find it.



RSS (Rich Site Summary) is a format for delivering regularly changing web content. Many news-related sites, weblogs and other online publishers syndicate their content as an RSS Feed to whoever wants it. RSS allows you to easily stay informed by retrieving the latest content from the sites you are interested in. You save time by not needing to visit each site individually.


Search Engine Optimization (SEO) is the process of improving the visibility of a website or a web page in search engines. SEO uses various techniques to improve a websites ranking in the search engines and thus attract more visitors. It is the process of increasing the amount of visitors to a website by obtaining a high ranking placement in the search results page of a search engine. The higher a website ranks in the results of a search, the greater the chance that, that site will be visited by a user.


The Secure Socket Layer (SSL) is a protocol that encrypts the communication between web browsers and the web servers that host websites. This encryption prevents third parties from accessing sensitive information such as bank details, credit card numbers and account transactions.


URL is the unique address for a file that is accessible on the Internet. A common way to get to a website  is to enter the URL of its home page file in your web browser's address line.  The URL contains the name of the protocol  to be used to access the file resource, a domain name  that identifies a specific computer on the Internet, and a pathname, a hierarchical description that specifies the location of a file in that computer. An example URL is http://www.example.com/

WYSIWYG editor

What You See Is What You Get - A content editing interface that allows site editors to apply advanced formatting using a MS Word type menu bar. This tool allows users with no HTML knowledge to edit fonts, alignment, hyperlinks, input images within their textual content.


The World Wide Web, abbreviated as WWW and commonly known as the Web, is a system of interlinked hypertext  documents accessed via the Internet. With a web browser, one can view web pages that may contain text, images, videos, and other multimedia and navigate between them via hyperlinks.


XML is an acronym for EXtensible Markup Language. It is a set of rules for encoding documents in machine-readable form. It is used for defining data elements on a Web page and business-to-business documents. XML uses a similar tag structure as HTML; however, whereas HTML defines how elements are displayed, XML defines what those elements contain. While HTML uses predefined tags, XML allows tags to be defined by the developer of the page.

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